Fitness refers to the overall state of being physically, mentally, and emotionally healthy. It is a measure of one's ability to perform physical activities and endure physical challenges. The concept of fitness encompasses various aspects of health, such as strength, endurance, flexibility, agility, balance, coordination, and cardiovascular fitness.
Also known as cardiovascular exercise, is any type of activity that increases the heart rate and breathing rate for an extended period of time. Examples of aerobic exercise include running, swimming, cycling, and dancing. Aerobic exercise improves cardiovascular fitness, strengthens the heart and lungs, and helps to reduce the risk of chronic diseases.
Also known as strength training, is any type of exercise that involves using resistance to build muscle and increase strength. Examples of resistance training include weightlifting, bodyweight exercises, and resistance bands. Resistance training not only improves strength, but it also increases bone density, enhances metabolism, and reduces the risk of injury.
Also known as stretching, is any type of exercise that improves range of motion and joint mobility. Examples of flexibility training include yoga, Pilates, and static stretching. Flexibility training improves posture, reduces muscle tension and soreness, and enhances athletic performance.